Digital Mythology

31 05 2006

Spirit money has many years history. However, it is only a belief which is not based reason but on old ideas.

The word mythology literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use supernatural events or characters to explain the nature of the universe and humanity. In modern usage, mythology is either the body of myths from a particular culture or religion or the branch of knowledge dealing with the collection, study and interpretation of myth (Source: Wikipedia 2006).

In common usage, myth means a falsehood — a story which many believe but which is not true. The field of mythology does not use this definition.

Myths are generally narratives about divine or heroic beings, arranged in a coherent system, passed down traditionally, and linked to the spiritual or religious life of a community, endorsed by rulers or priests. Once this link to the spiritual leadership of society is broken, they lose their mythological qualities and evolve into folk or fairy tales. Not every religious narrative is a myth however; unless it is deeply rooted in tradition, it may also be trivial pious anecdote or legend.

Myths are often intended to explain the universal and local beginnings ("creation myths" and "founding myths"), natural phenomena, inexplicable cultural conventions, and anything else for which no simple explanation presents itself.

In folkloristics, which is concerned with the study of both secular and sacred narratives, a myth also derives some of its power from being believed and deeply held as true. In the study of folklore, all sacred traditions have myths, and there is nothing pejorative or dismissive intended in the use of the term, as there often is in common usage.

This broader truth runs deeper than the advent of critical history which may, or may not, exist as in an authoritative written form which becomes "the story" (Preliterate oral traditions may vanish as the written word becomes "the story" and the literate become "the authority"). However, as Lucien Lévy-Bruhl puts it, "The primitive mentality is a condition of the human mind, and not a stage in its historical development." Most often the term refers specifically to ancient tales from very old cultures, such as Greek mythology or Roman mythology. Some myths descended originally as part of an oral tradition and were only later written down, and many of them exist in multiple versions.

According to the eighth chapter of F. W. J. Schelling's Introduction to Philosophy and Mythology, "Mythological representations have been neither invented nor freely accepted. The products of a process independent of thought and will, they were, for the consciousness which underwent them, of an irrefutable and incontestable reality. Peoples and individuals are only the instruments of this process, which goes beyond their horizon and which they serve without understanding." (Source: Wikipedia 2006)

Religion and mythology

Mythology figures prominently in most religions, and most mythology is tied to at least one religion. While in common usage of "myth", the word originally meant something false or dubious (nearly all dictionaries include this definition), "myth" does not always imply that a story is either objectively false or true, it rather refers to a spiritual, psychological or symbolical notion of truth unrelated to materialist or objectivist notions. Many adherents of modern dominant religions do not regard the tales surrounding the origin and development of their faith as literal accounts of events, but instead regard them as figurative representations of their belief systems. Many modern day rabbis and priests within the more liberal Jewish and Christian movements, as well as most Neopagans, have no problem characterizing their religious texts as mythical.

For the purposes of this article, therefore, the word mythology is used to refer to stories that, while they may or may not be strictly factual, reveal fundamental truths and insights about human nature, often through the use of archetypes. Also, the stories discussed express the viewpoints and beliefs of the country, time period, culture, and/or religion which gave birth to them. One can speak of a Jewish mythology, a Christian mythology, or an Islamic mythology, in which one describes the mythic elements within these faiths without speaking to the veracity of the faith's tenets or claims about its history (Source: Wikipedia 2006)

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To expose more about this topic, I also read digital mythology book. Below are the quotes:

Alvin Toffler describes the central global cultural conflict of the current age as a tug-of-war between two forces: secularism and religion (p182)

Secularism is an essential ingredient of modern democracy and certainly the same could be said for technocracy. Technocracy represents a fusing of technology and politics. But it also can encompass strong cultural components as well (p182).

Every culture is shaped by mythologies, whether religious or secular (p182).

If the techno-utopianism of digital culture is viewed as a kind of laboratory for forging new digital mythologies, then its role as a cultural reinforcer becomes evident (p182).

Science fiction plays a strong role in the cultural dynamic cited by Ben-Tov. There is also an interesting and strong connection between the techno-utopianism of digital culture and contemporary science fiction (p183).

If American cultural mythology is oriented toward the future, then it is science fiction that represents an important creative wellspring for those mythologies (p183).

[Source: Digital Mythologies: The Hidden Complexities of the Internet – Page iii, by Thomas S Valovic, 2000].

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